Biological engineering, shortened as bio-engineering and also known as genetic engineering, is a wide field of science separated by two distinct generations. The first generation of bio-engineering came about in the 1950s by Harbian scientists, when they began to experiment with animal and human cells. The research that came about from the First Wave Bio-engineering now allows all modernized countries to clone human organs and tissue for replacement surgeries. The second generation of bio-engineering, however, sought after a more optismistic and farther goal -- creating new lifeforms and modifying existing ones, such as humans and animals. This new form of bio-engineering began in the late 1990s and for the first half of the following century focused on cloning and modifying the genetics of animals and plants. After the Technological Singularity took place in the mid-2020s, Harbian scientists began to research the human brain keeping in mind bio-engineering and artificial intelligence.Tests until the 2050s led up to a groundbreaking milestone in the Second Wave Bio-engineering field -- being able to successfully clone and utilize a genetically modified human brain. The ESMI-1 cerebral droid, as it was named by Ekaj Autonetics International, proved bio-engineering human organs for specified tasks is feasible -- and a decade later a consumer model began being manufactured. In the early 2060s, Harbian scientists began to experiment with creating new species via bio-engineering. After several small successes, the Harbian scientists and specifically the Harbian Eclipse Agency, wanted to push the boundaries for how far their research could take them. On Penulber IX, 2065, the Harbian Eclipse Agency initiated a program in tandem with the Stratocracy of Domi Concordia known as the Beasts of War Initiative. This vanguard program would research and experiment the creation of biotech lifeforms and study their efficiency and capabilities in a specified environment. The first successful specimen was created on Sepreindus I, 2067. Utilizing DNA from the frofem stalker species, as well as several others, BOWI dubbed the first official biotech lifeform "praelian stalker". The biotech lifeform was granted three long, flexible legs with spikes in and around the points. Its brain is a combination of circuitry and brainmatter -- with supreme orders of being loyal to Concordian forces. FInally, the specimen can fire self-replinishing, organic projectiles from an organic artillery barrel.
In the late 2060s, Anthrogenetics Enterprise began research into bio-engineering to find ways to cure humanity's worst diseases and ailments, such as cancer, AIDS, influenza, dementia, and tuberculosis. In 2076, Anthrogenetics made a breakthrough in its fight against cancer, and was successfully able to entirely remove all cancer cells from a cancer patient's body. By the end of the year, Anthrogenetics projected that commercial cures for cancer could become available by 2078 -- after vigorous tests to confirm that the cure for cancer had been discovered. In Aeostril of 2078, Anthrogenetics announced that they would be distributing cures for cancer -- and most of their clinics and facilities were ready for distribution and servicing.